Q9 (r1) starts with all the same sections on scope and purpose. There are slight differences in ordering in scope, mainly because of the new sections below, but there isn’t much substantially different.
This is the first major change with added paragraphs on subjectivity, which basically admits that it exists and everyone should be aware of that. This is the first major change that should be addressed in the quality system “All participants involved with quality risk management activities should acknowledge, anticipate, and address the potential for subjectivity.”
Aligned with that requirement is a third bullet for decision-makers: “assure that subjectivity in quality risk management activities is controlled and minimised, to facilitate scientifically robust risk-based decision making.”
Expect to start getting questions on how you acknowledge, anticipate and address subjectivity. It will take a few years for this to work its way through the various inspectorates after approval, but it will. There are various ways to crack this, but it will require both training and tools to make it happen. It also reinforces the need for well-trained facilitators.
5.1 Formality in Quality Risk Management
“The degree of rigor and formality of quality risk management should reflect available knowledge and be commensurate with the complexity and/ or criticality of the issue to be addressed.”
That statement in Q9 has long been a nugget of long debate, so it is good to see section 5.1 added to give guidance on how to implement it, utilizing 3 axis:
- Uncertainty: This draft of Q9 utilizes a fairly simple definition of uncertainty and needs to be better aligned to ISO 31000. This is where I am going to definitely submit comments. Taking a straight knowledge management approach and defining uncertainty solely on lack of knowledge misses the other element of uncertainty that are important.
- Importance: This was probably the critical determination folks applied to formality in the past.
- Complexity: Not much said on complexity, which is worrisome because this is a tough one to truly analyze. It requires system thinking, and a ot of folks really get complicated and complex confused.
This section is important, the industry needs it as too many companies have primitive risk management approaches because they shoe-horn everything into a one size fits all level of formality and thus either go overboard or do not go far enough. But as written this draft of Q9 is a boon to consultants.
We then go on to get just how much effort should go into higher formality versus lower level of formality which boils down to higher formality is more stand alone and lower formality happens within another aspect of the quality system.
5.2 Risk-based Decision Making
Another new section, definitely designed to align to ISO 9001-2015 thinking. Based on the level of formality we are given three types with the first two covering separate risk management activities and the third being rule-based in procedures.
6. INTEGRATION OF QUALITY RISK MANAGEMENT INTO INDUSTRY AND REGULATORY OPERATIONS
Section 6 gets new subsection “The role of Quality Risk Management in addressing Product Availability Risks,” “Manufacturing Process Variation and State of Control (internal and external),” “Manufacturing Facilities,” “Oversight of Outsourced Activities and Suppliers.” These new subsections expand on what used to be solely a list of bullet points and provide some points to consider in their topic area. They are also good things to make sure risk management is built into if not already there.
The ICH members did exactly what they told us they were going to do, and pretty much nothing else. I do not think they dealt with the issues deeply and definitively enough, and have added a whole lot of ambiguity into the guidance. which is better than being silent on the topic, but I’m hoping for a lot more.
Subjectivity, uncertainty, and formality are critical topics. Hopefully your risk management program is already taking these into account.
I’m hoping we will also see a quick revision of the PIC/S “Assessment of Quality Risk Management Implementation” to align to these concepts.