The FDA recently released a Form 483 it handed to Catalent Belgium following an inspection of its 265,000 square-foot facility in Brussels in October 2021. Catalent is a pretty sizable entity, so it is very valuable to see what we can learn from their observations.
Failure to adequately assess an unexplained discrepancy or deviation
“Standard Operating Procedure STB-QA-0010, Deviation Management, v21 classifies deviations as minor, major or critical based on the calculation of a risk priority number, with a HEPA filter failure within a Grade A environment often classified as minor. Specifically, Deviation 327567 (Date of occurrence 04 March 2021) was for a HEPA filter failure on the <redacted> fill line, with a breach at the HEPA filter frame.”
This one is more common than it should be. I’ve recently written about categorization and criticality of events. I want to stress the term potential when addressing impact in the classification of events.
Control barriers exist for a reason. You breach that control barrier in any way, you have the potential to impact product or environment. It is really easy for experienced SMEs to say “But this has never had any real impact before” and then downgrade the deviation classification. Before long it becomes the norm that HEPA filter failures are minor because they never have impact. And then one does. Then there are shortages or worse.
It is important to avoid that complacency and treat each and every control barrier failure to the same level of investigation based on their potentiality to impact.
The other problem here is failure to identify trends and deal with them. I can honestly say that the last thing I ever want anyone, especially an inspector, to write about something where I have quality oversight is a failure to investigate multiple control barrier events.
“Other GMP manufacturing areas have a similar elevated level of HEPA filter failures, with the root cause of the HEPA filter failures unknown. There is no CAPA in support of correction action. Your firm failed to ensure your investigations identify appropriate root causes and you failed to implement sustainable corrective action and preventive action (CAPA).“
Contamination Control function
Observation 2 and 3 are doozies, but there is probably a lack of expertise involved here. The site is using out-of-date and inadequate methods in their validation. Hire a strong contamination control expert and leverage them. Build expertise in the organization through a robust training program. Connect this to all relevant quality systems/processes.
Corrective Maintenance and Troubleshooting
“Equipment and facilities used in the manufacture of drug product are not adequately maintained or appropriately designed to facilitate operations for their intended use.“
This is starting to feel a lot like my upcoming presentation at the 2022 ISPE Aseptic Conference where I will be speaking on “Contamination Control, Risk and the Quality Management System”
“Contamination Control is a fairly wide term used to mean “getting microbiologists out of the lab” and involved in risk management and the quality management system. This presentation will evaluate best practices in building a contamination control strategy and ensuring its use throughout the quality system. Leveraging a House of Quality approach, participants will learn how to: Create targeted/ risk based measures of contamination avoidance; Implement Key performance indicators to assess status of contamination control; and ensure a defined strategy for deviation management (investigations), CAPA and change management.”
Maybe we can talk more there!